Stolo Nation Geographic Location View Regional Map

Stó:lo Nation

Member Bands

Aitchelitz Band
Location: Reserves are all within 4 to 10 km of Chilliwack. (Three reserves on 554.6 hectares.)
 


Number of Band Members: 40 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2007, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Leq' a: mel First Nation (also Lakahahmen First Nation)

Location: Near Deroche, 20 km east of Mission. (10 reserves on 480.4 hectares.)
 


Number of Band Members: 339 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2007, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Matsqui First Nation

Location: On the Fraser River, southeast of Mission. Main community is on Matsqui Main Indian Reserve #2. (Three reserves on 419.4 hectares.)

Number of Band Members: 231 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2007, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Popkum Band

Location: On the Fraser River, 3 km northeast of Bridal Falls, or 18 km northeast of Chilliwack. (Two reserves on 149.7 hectares.)
 


Number of Band Members: 8 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2007, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Shxwhá:y Village

Location: 3km west of Chillwack (one reserve on 255 hectares)

Number of Band Members: 319 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2007, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Skawahlook First Nation

Location: On the Fraser River at the mouth of Ruby Creek, 15 km west of Hope. (Two reserves on 74.9 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 73 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2007, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Skowkale First Nation (formerly Skulkayn)

Location: 2 km east of Sardis, south of Chilliwack and the Fraser River. (Two reserves on 68.4 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 228 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2007, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Squiala First Nation

Location: On the Chilliwack River, in Chilliwack. (Two reserves on 596.1 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 128 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2007, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Sumas First Nation

Location: On the Sumas River at Lonzo Creek, near Abbotsford. (One reserve on 234.6 hectares.)

Number of Band Members: 272 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2006 [last available data], Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Tzeachten First Nation

Location: 3 km south of Sardis. (Two reserves on 348.6 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 383 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2007, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Yakweakwioose

Location: Southwest of and adjoining Skowkale Indian Reserve #10, 1.5 km east of Sardis. (Two reserves on 84.2 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 63 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2007, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Background

Negotiating status:
Seven of the 11 First Nations are negotiating a comprehensive treaty settlement within the British Columbia Treaty Commission six-stage treaty process.

Negotiating affiliation:
The Sto:lo Nation treaty group is negotiating with Canada and British Columbia on behalf of seven of 11 member bands.

Location
: Member bands are located in the Fraser Valley.


Total Members
: 2,084 [1,134 in the treaty process] (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2006, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Negotiations

The Sto:lo Nation originally entered the BC treaty process in August 1995, when 21 of 24 First Nations that signed the Sto:lo Declaration in 1977, submitted a statement of intent (SOI) to the BC Treaty Commission (BCTC). Along the way four First Nations withdrew from the treaty process, leaving 17 First Nations to reach Stage 4 of the six-stage process, negotiation of an agreement in principle (AIP). 

In 2005, the 19 Sto:lo First Nations that remained in the Sto:lo Nation underwent an internal re-organization, eventually forming two tribal councils. Eleven of these First Nations – Aitchelitz, Leq'a:mel, Matsqui, Popkum, Shxwhá:y Village, Skawahlook, Skowkale, Squiala, Sumas, Tzeachten, and Yakweakwioose – chose to remain in the Sto:lo Nation, while eight others formed a new tribal council called the Sto:lo Tribal Council

Seven of the 11 Sto:lo Nation First Nations have decided to continue in the BCTC process - Aitchelitz, Leq'a:mel, Popkum, Skawahlook, Skowkale, Tzeachten, and Yakweakwioose. An amended SOI was accepted by the BC Treaty Commission on May 2, 2006.

The eight members of the Sto:lo Tribal Council – Chawathil, Cheam, Kwantlen, Kwaw-kwaw-Apilt, Scowlitz, Seabird Island, Shxw'ow'hamel First Nation, and Soowahlie – have chosen not to participate in the treaty process at this time.

Other Activities

Land and Resource Agreements
  • May 2004 – BC and the Ch ihl kway uhk Tribe – a society of nine Fraser Valley First Nations along the old location of the Chilliwack River – signed a forestry and range agreement for $3.8 million in revenue sharing and access to 227,100 cubic metres of timber over five years in the Fraser Timber Supply Area. The Chi-ihl-kway-uhk Tribe society consists of six First Nations of the Sto:lo Nation – Aitchelitz, Skowkale, Shxwhá:y Village, Squiala, Tzeachten and Yakweakwioose; two First Nations of the Sto:lo Tribal Council – Kwaw Kwaw Apilt and Soowahlie; and, the unaffiliated Skwah First Nation.
  • December 2005 – Skawahlook First Nation signed a $180,000 forest and range agreement that gives the First Nation access to 10,825 cubic metres of timber over five years. The volume comes from the Fraser Timber Supply area.
  • January 2006 – Leq’a:mel First Nation signed a five-year, $760,000 forest and range agreement that gives the First Nation access to more than 45,000 cubic metres of timber in the Chilliwack Forest District.

Housing Initiatives

  • July 2007 – The Stó:lô Nation, the City of Chilliwack, the Province and the Fraser Health Authority celebrate the official opening of Stó:lô Elders Lodge – 15 new assisted living units for seniors and persons with disabilities. The $5.6-million, 15-unit development offers the first-ever assisted living homes for Aboriginal elders under Independent Living BC (ILBC).

Education and Social Initiatives

  • March 2006 – The Province, Sto:lo and Nlaka’pamux Nations and Fraser-Cascade school district signed BC’s 24th Aboriginal Education Enhancement Agreement that honours and supports the histories, culture and languages of local Aboriginal students. The district has a high Aboriginal student population and is home to 12 First Nation communities including the Boston Bar First Nation, Boothroyd Band, Chawathil First Nation, Chehalis Band, Cheam First Nation, Peters/Union Bar Band, Scowlitz Band, Seabird Island Band, Spuzzum First Nation, Shxw’owhamel First Nation, Skawahlook First Nation, Yale First Nation, as well as Métis students and off-reserve First Nations students.
  • May 2007 – Aboriginal leaders and Abbotsford school district sign the 33rd Aboriginal education enhancement agreement to help improve Aboriginal student achievement. The district, which is within the asserted traditional territory of Sto:lo First Nations, serves the Sumas and Matsqui First Nations.
  • November 2007 – Aboriginal leaders and officials from the Mission board of education sign B.C.’s 36th Aboriginal education enhancement agreement to help improve Aboriginal student performance. The district serves the Leq’á: mel, Kwantlen, Matsqui, Scowlitz First Nations and the In-SHUCK-ch Nation.

Planned meetings

As dates are established for public negotiations sessions with the nine Sto:lo Nation members in the BCTC process, they will be publicized through the local media and on the BCTC website Negotiations Calendar.