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Tsawwassen First Nation


Negotiating status
: The Tsawwassen First Nation treaty came into effect on April 3, 2009. It is the first urban treaty in the history of British Columbia and the first modern treaty negotiated under the British Columbia Treaty Commission process.

Negotiating affiliation
: Negotiated independently with Canada and British Columbia.

: On the Strait of Georgia near the Tsawwassen ferry terminal, approximately 25 km south of Vancouver.

Total band members
: 358 [Tsawwassen First Nation figures based on eligibility and enrolment provisions of the final agreement]

Negotiations History

In March, 2004, the Tsawwassen First Nation, British Columbia and Canada signed an Agreement-in-Principle (AIP). Substantive progress continued at the treaty table and negotiators reached a tentative deal on a Final Agreement in October 2006 and initialed it on December 8, 2006.

The Tsawwassen First Nations members voted in favour of ratifying the Final Agreement July 2007, followed by ratification by the B.C. Legislature in November, the official signing in December. Federal Parliamentary approval came on June 26, 2008.

The Tsawwassen First Nation treaty legally took effect at 12:01 a.m. on April 3, 2009, establishing certainty with respect to Tsawwassen First Nation's Aboriginal rights and title and providing economic benefits to the Lower Mainland region. This represented the sixth and final stage, in the BC treaty process.

The treaty provides Tsawwassen First Nation with payments, settlements and other funds to help build Tsawwassen’s future. These include a capital transfer and other one-time cash payments of $33.6 million and self-government funding of $2.9 million annually over the first five years of the treaty. The land component includes approximately 724 hectares, of which 434 hectares are provincial Crown land and 290 hectares are former Indian reserve.

The Tsawwassen treaty operates within the framework of the Constitution of Canada. Within that framework, Tsawwassen First Nation has the constitutional authority to make laws in many areas of jurisdiction that are traditionally federal, provincial and municipal in nature.

The treaty and related agreements present Tsawwassen First Nation with modern governance tools, coupled with funds, to generate increased economic vitality. It makes Tsawwassen First Nation an equal partner in government-to-government relationships with Canada and British Columbia, and provides for strong and workable interactions with these partners.

The Tsawwassen First Nation treaty is the first urban treaty in the history of British Columbia and the first modern treaty negotiated under the British Columbia Treaty Commission process.

The Tsawwassen First Nation Final Agreement Implementation Report 2011–2012 was released in November 2013. The report covers the activities of the treaty implementation committee, and other matters, including land-use planning, development, natural resources and governance.


Final Agreement

Fact Sheets



Side Agreements


Related Links