Tsimshian First Nation Geographic Location View Regional Map

Tsimshian First Nations Treaty Society

Member Bands

Gitga'at Nation [Hartley Bay Band Council]
Location
: Main community is at Hartley Bay at the confluence of the Greenville and Douglas Channels, 145 km southeast of Prince Rupert on B.C.'s North Coast. (14 reserves on 520.3 hectares.)

Number of Band Members
: 706 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence May 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Kitasoo/Xai'xais Nation

Location
: Main village is at Klemtu on the east shore of Swindle Island on B.C.’s Central Coast (Nine reserves on 1,103.4 hectares.)

Number of Band Members
: 510 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence May 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Kitselas Indian Band (also Gitselasu)

Location
: Main village is Kitselas (also Kulspai), on the Skeena River just east of Terrace, in northwestern B.C. (Nine reserves on 1,103.4 hectares.)

Number of Band Members
: 543 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence May 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Kitsumkalum Band

Location
: 5 km west of Terrace, in northwestern B.C. (Three reserves on 560.7 hectares.)

Number of Band Members
: 673 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence May 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Metlakatla Band

Location
: 5 km west of Prince Rupert, on the Tsimshian (Tsimpsean) Peninsula, on B.C.'s North Coast. (16 reserves on 3,464.4 hectares.)


Number of Band Members : 832 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence May 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Background

Negotiating status
: Negotiating a comprehensive treaty settlement within the British Columbia Treaty Commission (BCTC) six-stage treaty process.

Negotiating affiliation
: Negotiating with Canada and British Columbia on behalf of its five member bands. Two bands - Gitxaala Nation (aka Kitkatla First Nation) and the Lax Kw'alaams First Nation - withdrew from the Tsimshian First Nations Treaty Society (TFNTS), as the treaty group is now known. Lax Kw’alaams later rejoined the treaty process and is negotiating independently with Canada and BC.

Location
: Member bands are located across a wide area on B.C.'s North Coast between Klemtu in the south, Prince Rupert in the north, and Terrace in the east.

Total Band Members
: 3,264 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence May 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Negotiations

The Tsimshian Tribal Council was created under the B.C. Society Act in 1988 as a central organization to coordinate important issues for all members of the seven bands that made up the society. The society was given added responsibility in 1994 when all seven bands gave it authority to enter the B.C. treaty process and conduct negotiations for a comprehensive treaty agreement.

The Tsimshian Tribal Council Society eventually reached Stage 4 of the six-stage process, the negotiation of an agreement in principle (AiP). However, talks were suspended in April of 2004, while the society dealt with internal matters.

Eventually a new body called Tsimshian First Nations was established and a revised Statement of Intent (SOI) submitted to BCTC. In December of 2004, BCTC recognized the amendment to the original SOI and accepted the Tsimshian First Nations SOI which excluded Gitxaala Nation and Lax Kw'alaams First Nation from the original treaty group. As a result, the TFNTS, as it is now known, represents five member bands - Gitga'at First Nation (Hartley Bay), Kitasoo/Xai'xais First Nation, Kitselas Indian Band, Kitsumkalum Band and Metlakatla Band.

Four of the five bands – Kitasoo/Xaixais, Kitselas, Kitsumkalum, and Metlakatla – are in AiP negotiations.

Other Activities

Reconciliation Agreements

Coastal First Nations Amended Reconciliation Protocol – December 2010

In 2005 the Province and the First Nations Leadership Council entered into a New Relationship based on respect, recognition and accommodation of Aboriginal title and rights; respect for each others’ laws and responsibilities; and for the reconciliation of Aboriginal and Crown titles and jurisdictions.  The Province has completed several agreements with First Nations in B.C. that create the opportunity for comprehensive and lasting reconciliation.  One of those agreements is the Coastal First Nations Reconciliation Protocol.

TFNTS signatories are Gitga’at, Kitasoo/Xai’xais and Metlakatla First Nations. The agreement includes the building of a new ferry terminal at Klemtu, as well as sharing a portion of resource revenue and carbon offsets. The Coastal First Nations will also be part of a new shared decision making process and the creation of an Alternative Energy Action Plan for their traditional territories. [View map]

Forest Consultation and Revenue Sharing Agreements

A Forest Consultation and Revenue Sharing Agreement (FCRSA) provides a First Nation community with economic benefits returning directly to their community based on harvest activities in its traditional territory.