Measuring Outcomes 2010-2011

New Relationships with Aboriginal People and Communities in B.C.


The Province and Aboriginal communities are working together to close the socio-economic gaps that exist between Aboriginal people and other British Columbians. The New Relationship provides a vision for this work; the Transformative Change Accord and the Métis Nation Relationship Accord identify key priorities to address: Crown – Aboriginal Relationships, Education, Housing and Infrastructure, Health and Economic Opportunities. Measuring Outcomes addresses a provincial commitment to track the social and economic outcomes of Aboriginal people in B.C. in order to measure progress toward closing the gaps.

Social change generally happens over significant periods of time – sometimes even generations. Data provides important information but personal stories highlight the direct impact to people and communities of the many activities being undertaken. Examples of community-level results are available online: New Relationships with Aboriginal People and Communities in B.C.

The Province continues to work with Aboriginal partners to create and support long-term benefits for First Nations, Métis and urban Aboriginal people in their communities.

Measurement Framework

The Measuring Outcomes reporting framework is made up of indicators in five key areas: Improving Crown - Aboriginal Relationships, Education, Housing and Infrastructure, Health, and Economic Opportunities.

The indicators have been chosen based on their inclusion in the Transformative Change Accord and the availability of reliable data, with the goal of keeping the framework simple. The data is consistent with information collected and reported by other ministries. For a more in-depth understanding of the sectors, themes, and data in the Measuring Outcomes report, references to other more detailed ministry reports and data sources have been provided.

The Ministry of Aboriginal Relations and Reconciliation is working with Aboriginal partners, other ministries and stakeholders to improve the quality and availability of data. The 2010-11 report includes data for Métis and urban Aboriginal people, a reflection of the commitment made by British Columbia, First Nations, and Métis leadership to measure socio-economic outcomes over time, in order to improve the lives of Aboriginal people, and contribute to positive, lasting relationships around the province.

This version of Measuring Outcomes replaces the previously published version, and contains the following changes and updates:

  • An improved measure for reporting on progress on treaties and related agreements is included; data is forthcoming.
  • A new education indicator for measuring the post-secondary participation rate.
  • Recognition in the Health section that the reporting framework for First Nations health is under review and inclusion of a summary of important work and progress.

Note on Census Data: Where Census data are used the Aboriginal identity population was counted the same way in 2006, 2001 and 1996, providing comparable data for three consecutive census years. However, comparison of Aboriginal data across census years must adjust for incompletely enumerated reserves and settlements. Some First Nations reserves and settlements did not participate in the census as enumeration was not permitted or it was interrupted before completion. In 2006, there were 22 incompletely enumerated First Nations reserves in British Columbia compared to 30 in 2001 and 77 in 1996.

Improving First Nations - Crown Relationships

Historic Crown - Aboriginal relationships in British Columbia have given rise to the present socioeconomic disparity between Aboriginal peoples and other British Columbians. B.C.’s full potential will be realized only when Aboriginal people are an integral part of the social and economic life of the province. Improving Crown - Aboriginal relationships
requires respect, recognition and accommodation of Aboriginal title and rights, and reconciliation of First Nations and Crown title and jurisdictions. Although measuring and tracking a relationship presents challenges, the three indicators chosen can be measured over time to show progress.


Improving academic success is a significant priority for Aboriginal peoples and government. Education encompasses a lifelong learning process beginning with early childhood development and early learning opportunities, through to the attainment of credentials and participation in post-secondary education.

Housing and Infrastructure

The Provincial Housing Strategy identifies Aboriginal housing need as a priority. The Province works in partnership with Aboriginal people and organizations, such as the Aboriginal Housing Management Association to create safe, secure and culturally appropriate housing for youth, women, elders and those struggling with addictions.

As part of this commitment, the Province undertook an extensive engagement process with Aboriginal groups. The information gathered through this process is used to develop ways to provide safe, affordable and culturally appropriate housing to B.C.'s Aboriginal people living off-reserve.

Reliable high-speed Internet access for all First Nations in British Columbia has been recognized as a high priority by a number of organizations in recent years including the First Nations Leadership Council, the Premier's Technology Council and the provincial government in the Transformative Change Accord, which recognizes connectivity as foundational to closing the socio–economic gap between First Nations and other British Columbians. Broadband connectivity is also a key priority for the First Nations Health Council as part of their efforts to create a fully integrated First Nations clinical telehealth network.


The Transformative Change Accord: First Nations Health Plan (TCA: FNHP) lists seven possible indicators to track progress on closing the gap in health outcomes for First Nations in BC. Since the TCA: FNHP, significant progress has been made toward improving the accessibility and quality of data to measure these seven, as well as additional, indicators of First Nations health and well-being. However, further work is required to fill gaps in data and build and improve the tools, processes, and systems required to effectively and appropriately monitor and measure First Nations health outcomes.

From a bigger picture perspective, further work is required to determine what ways First Nations would like to measure their wellness. Although the existing seven indicators address specific health concerns, there is an understanding that these indicators alone address only a small portion of the complete First Nations health picture.

The Provincial Health Officer’s (PHO) Pathways to Health and Healing, 2nd Report on the Health and Well-being of Aboriginal People in British Columbia is the most recent Provincial Health Officer’s report on Aboriginal Peoples’ health. The data below is drawn from this report.

Summary of important work and progress:

  • Implementation of the Tripartite Data Quality Sharing Agreement (TDQSA) – including creation of the First Nations Client File (FNCF) – allows Tripartite partners, as well as external researchers, to access better quality First Nations data and use existing data sources more effectively. The FNCF is a valuable tool that empowers public health professionals, policy-makers, clinicians, community leaders and researchers to use accurate, quality data to answer any number of broad health and social questions and inform key program and policy decisions. The necessary mechanisms and processes for full implementation of the TDQSA are undergoing further development and refinement.
  • The Consensus Paper: British Columbia First Nations Perspectives on a new health governance arrangement lays out seven directives to guide the development of a new health governance arrangement that is community-driven and nation-based . In alignment with these directives, it is necessary that First Nations communities drive how their health is defined, measured, and reported. Processes for community engagement are required and are currently in development.
  • First Nations Health Society (FNHS) is working collaboratively with provincial and federal agencies to improve access to and quality of First Nations data and to ensure that existing systems and mechanisms of reporting on health are better able to meet the needs of First Nations. Through these partnerships there is potential to fill gaps in health information that could meet the requirements of the Tripartite partners to monitor and measure First Nations health.
  • As part of the implementation of the new First Nations Health Authority, the Tripartite partners are currently working on the development of a Health Indicators Framework. Through this framework and its development, agreement will be reached on appropriate measures for First Nations health. It is expected that the seven indicators that were included in the TCA:FNHP will be integrated into this framework.
  • Health information on Métis Nation BC Citizens in British Columbia will become available as a result of an information-sharing agreement signed between Métis Nation BC and the provincial government. The Métis Public Health Surveillance Program will enable the ministry to identify consenting Métis Citizens from among existing databases and report on specific health outcomes and chronic diseases.
  • Visit the First Nations Health Council for further information.

The table contains data taken from the 2007 PHO report Pathways to Health and Healing, 2nd Report on the Health and Well-being of Aboriginal People in British Columbia. As data becomes available from the First Nations Client File, the indicators and accompanying data will be updated to align with new reporting guidelines.


Increased access to economic opportunities for Aboriginal peoples requires a combination of improved community economic development and supports for individuals to participate in the economy. Improved economic outcomes for communities and individuals are dependent on a number of variables (such as education, training, access to capital, etc). The indicators attempt to measure progress towards improved economic outcomes for Aboriginal people.

Efforts are being made to include more data specific to Métis and urban Aboriginal populations. This section of the report provides data for these population groups where 2001 and 2006 census data is available.


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