Maa-nulth First Nations View Regional Map

First Nations of the Maa-nulth Treaty

Member Bands

Huu-ay-aht First Nations
Location
: Barkley Sound near Bamfield, on the southwestern coast of Vancouver Island. Main community is on Anacla Indian Reserve #12. (13 reserves on 1,077 hectares.)

Number of Band Members
: 683 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence February 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Ka:'yu:'k't'h'/Che:k:tles7et'h' First Nations (formerly Kyuquot)
Location
: Kyuquot Sound, on the northwest coast of Vancouver Island. Main community is on Houpsitas Indian Reserve #6. (26 reserves on 376.9 hectares.)

Number of Band Members
: 504 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence February 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Toquaht Nation

Location
: Main community is on Macoah Indian Reserve #1, on Toquart Bay on the north side of Barkley Sound, on the southwest coast of Vancouver Island. (Seven reserves on 194.7 hectares.)

Number of Band Members
: 138 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence February 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

 
Uchucklesaht Tribe
Location
: On Uchucklesit Inlet and Henderson Lake on the southwest coast of Vancouver Island. Main community is on Elhlatesse Indian Reserve #2. (Two reserves on 232.7 hectares.)

Number of Band Members
: 198 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence February 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Yuʔłuʔiłʔatḥ First Nation [formerly Ucluelet First Nation]
Location
: Across from the District of Ucluelet, Effingham Inlet and Nahmint River valley on the west coast of Vancouver Island. Main community is on Ittatsoo Indian Reserve #1. (10 reserves on 202.5 hectares.)

Number of Band Members
: 621 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence February 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Background

Negotiating status
: The Maa-nulth First Nations treaty came into effect on April 1, 2011.

Negotiating affiliation
: Negotiated with Canada and British Columbia on behalf of the Huu-ay-aht, Ka:'yu:'k't'h'/ Che:k'tles7et'h', Toquaht, Uchucklesaht and Ucluelet First Nations. Affiliated with the Nuu-chah-nulth Tribal Council (NTC), which includes 12 of the 14 First Nations that comprise the NTC. Seven other NTC First Nations at the Nuu-chah-nulth treaty table are negotiating at a different pace. Two other NTC members are negotiating treaties at other treaty tables.

Location
: Maa-nulth First Nations are located on the west coast of Vancouver Island surrounding Barkley Sound and Kyuquot Sound.

Total band members

: 2,144 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence February 2011, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Negotiations

On June 18, 2009, the federal government gave Royal Assent to the Maa-nulth First Nations treaty (Bill C-41, 2009). This was one of the final steps in what has been a long journey towards a final agreement.

The Maa-nulth First Nations' Final Agreement was first initialled on December 9, 2006, and subsequently ratified by Maa-nulth First Nations members in the summer and fall of 2007. Provincial ratification legislation received Royal Assent on November 29, 2007.

The agreement includes a land package that consists of approximately 24,498 hectares, including 22,342 hectares of former provincial Crown land, 2,064 hectares of former Indian reserve land and 92 hectares of private land purchased from willing sellers. This is the third Final Agreement initialled under the BC treaty process and the first initialled on Vancouver Island.

The Maa-nulth First Nations treaty legally took effect at 12:01 a.m. on April 1, 2011, establishing certainty with respect to Aboriginal rights and title and providing economic benefits to the five signatories. This represented the sixth and final stage, in the BC treaty process.

The final agreement sets out law-making authorities that Maa-nulth may exercise on their lands. It also allows each Maa-nulth First Nation to enter into land use planning protocols with local governments to coordinate and harmonize land use planning processes and land use decisions.

The Maa-nulth First Nations entered the treaty process in January 1994 as part of the NTC treaty table.

Chief negotiators for the NTC, British Columbia and Canada initialled a draft Agreement in Principle (AIP) on March 10, 2001. Each of the 12 First Nations undertook a community consultation and approval process. Six First Nations, representing approximately one-third of the total population, approved the AIP and the remaining six First Nations did not approve. Five of the six First Nations that approved the AIP joined to form the Maa-nulth First Nations.

The Maa-nulth First Nations approached British Columbia and Canada about negotiating a Final Agreement based on the draft 2001 NTC AIP, which ultimately led to the negotiation of the Maa-nulth treaty.

Each Maa-nulth First Nation has also drafted and approved its own Constitution. These constitutions set out how the First Nations govern themselves under treaty and takes effect when the treaty comes into effect.

The Maa-nulth Final Agreement is the first modern-day treaty on Vancouver Island and the second under the BCTC process.

Implementation

The Maa-nulth First Nations Final Agreement Implementation Report 20112012 was released in December 2013. The report covers the activities of the treaty implementation committee, and other matters, including land-use planning, development, natural resources and governance.

Maa-nulth First Nations Final Agreement Implementation Report 20112012 December 17, 2013 Adobe Acrobat Reader required.(PDF 4.8m)

Final Agreement

Land Transfer Memorandums of Understanding

Fact Sheets

Brochure

Maa-nulth Final Agreement Side Agreements

Foreshore Agreements

Commercial Recreation Opportunities MOUs

Fiscal Financing Agreements

Harvest Agreements

Monumental Cedar/Cypress Harvest Agreements

Protected Area Monumental Cedar / Cypress Harvesting Agreements

Resources Revenue Sharing Agreements

Own Source Revenue Agreements

Real Property Tax Coordination Agreements

Wildfire Suppression Agreements

Other

Related Links

Agreement-in-Principle