Nisga'a Final Agreement

On May 11, 2000, B.C.’s first modern-day land claims agreement — the Nisga’a Final Agreement — came into effect. On the effective date, a number of Final Agreement provisions were fulfilled including the transfer of nearly 2,000 square kilometres of Crown land to the Nisga’a Nation, creation of Bear Glacier Provincial Park, and the establishment of a 300,000 cubic decameter water reservation. Canada, British Columbia and the Nisga’a Nation are continuing to implement the Nisga’a Final Agreement, guided by an Implementation Plan and the tripartite Implementation Committee.

In 1973, the Nisga'a people appealed successfully to the Canadian government to negotiate a treaty settlement. Until 1990, the Nisga'a negotiations were conducted on a bilateral basis between Canada and the Nisga'a Tribal Council (NTC). In 1990, the provincial government entered the negotiations already underway between the Nisga'a Tribal Council and the federal government. The parties reached an Agreement in Principle (AIP) in 1996 and a final agreement in 1998. The BC Legislature gave its assent on April 23, 1999. The last step needed to give legal effect to the treaty took place on April 13, 2000, when Parliament passed the Nisga'a Final Agreement Act. Although not part of the British Columbia treaty process, Nisga'a negotiations followed the same tripartite procedure and resulted in the first modern-day treaty in British Columbia. The treaty came into effect on May 11, 2000.
Complete information on the Nisga’a treaty is available online through the Government of Canada, Indian and Northern Affairs website at