Stolo Nation Geographic Location View Regional Map

Stó:lo Tribal Council

Member Bands

Chawathil First Nation (formerly Hope)

Location: On the Fraser River near Hope. Katz CPR station is located on Chawathil Indian Reserve #4. (Four reserves on 610.7 hectares.)


Number of Band Members:505 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2006, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Cheam First Nation

Location: The main reserves are Cheam I.R.#1 and Tseatah I.R #2, located on the Fraser River east of Chilliwack. (Three reserves on 473.2 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 460 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2006, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)
 


Kwantlen First Nation (formerly Langley)

Location: On the Fraser River at Fort Langley. Main community is on McMillan Island Indian Reserve #6. (Six reserves on 556.3 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 193 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2006, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Kwaw-kwaw-a-pilt First Nation

Location: Near Chilliwack. (Three reserves on 595.9 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 42 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2006, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)


Scowlitz First Nation

Location: On the shore of Harrison Bay, near Lake Errock, northeast of Chilliwack. (Three reserves on 236.7 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 235 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2004, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)
 


Seabird Island Band

Location: On Seabird Island, in the Fraser River, 3 km east of Agassiz, and approximately 20 km northeast of Chilliwack. (One reserve on 2,140.8 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 779 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2006, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)
 


Shxw'ow'hamel First Nation (formerly Ohamil)

Location: On the Fraser River, north of Laidlaw, approximately 18 km southwest of Hope. (Three reserves on 389.7 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 158 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2006, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)
 


Soowahlie First Nation

Location: On the Chilliwack River, 1.5 km south of Vedder Crossing, and approximately 12 km south of Chilliwack. (Two reserves on 523.1 hectares.)


Number of Band Members: 349 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2006, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Background

Negotiating status:
Government representatives are working to build relationships with the Sto:lo Tribal Council outside of the BritishColumbia Treaty Commission six-stage treaty process.

Negotiation Affiliation:
The Sto:lo Tribal Council (STC) consists of eight First Nations, none of which are in the treaty process.  The STC was formed in 2006 from First Nations originally in the Sto:lo Nation.

Location:
Member bands are located in the Fraser Valley area, mainly between Chilliwack and Hope.

Total Band Members:
2,721 (Source: Registered Indian Population by Sex and Residence December 2006, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada)

Discussions

The Sto:lo Nation originally entered the BC treaty process in August 1995, when 21 of 24 First Nations that originally signed the Sto:lo Declaration in 1977, submitted a statement of intent (SOI) to the BC Treaty Commission (BCTC). Along the way four First Nations withdrew from the treaty process, leaving 17 First Nations of the Sto:lo Nation to reach Stage 4 of the six-stage process, negotiation of an agreement in principle (AIP). 

In 2005, 19 Sto:lo First Nations still in the Sto:lo Nation underwent an internal re-organization, eventually forming two tribal councils. Eight of these First Nations – Chawathil, Cheam, Kwantlen, Kwaw-kwaw-Apilt, Scowlitz, Seabird Island, Shxw'ow'hamel and Soowahlie – formed the Sto:lo Tribal Council.  They have chosen not to participate in the BCTC process at this time. 

Eleven First Nations – Aitchelitz, Leq'a:mel, Matsqui, Popkum, Shxwhá:y Village, Skawahlook, Skowkale, Squiala, Sumas, Tzeachten, and Yakweakwioose – chose to remain in the Sto:lo Nation.

Forest and Range Agreements

In May 2004, the province and the Ch-ihl-kway-uhk Tribe – a society of nine Fraser Valley First Nations located along the old location of the Chilliwack River – signed a forestry accommodation agreement which will see the bands receive revenue sharing totalling $3.8 million and access to 227,100 cubic metres of timber over five years within their traditional territories south of Harrison Lake and east of Chilliwack in the Fraser timber supply area. The Chi-ihl-kway-uhk Tribe society consists of six First Nations of the Sto:lo Nation – Aitchelitz, Skowkale, Shxwhá:y Village, Squiala, Tzeachten and Yakweakwioose; two First Nations of the Sto:lo Tribal Council – Kwaw Kwaw Apilt and Soowahlie; and, the unaffiliated Skwah First Nation.

In September 2004, Seabird Island First Nation signed a forest and range agreement with the Province, providing revenue, timber and new business opportunities for the band.  Through the agreement, the First Nation gains access to 107,500 cubic metres of timber in the Fraser timber supply area, and $1.78 million in revenue sharing.

In November 2005, Cheam First Nation signed a $1-million forest and range agreement with the Province that provides access to as much as 64,630 cubic metres of timber over five years. The volume comes from the Fraser Timber Supply area.

In February 2006, Scowlitz First Nation signed a forest and range agreement that gives the band access to almost 34,000 cubic metres of timber and $566,000 in revenue sharing through a five-year agreement with the Province.  The timber is within the band’s traditional territory in the Fraser Timber Supply Area.

In May 2006, Kwantlen First Nation signed the province’s first Forest and Range Opportunities Agreement.  The agreement gives the Kwantlen $433,000 and access to 26,000 cubic metres of timber.  Forest and Range Opportunities Agreements are based on the same principles as previous forest and range agreements, and formally acknowledges the New Relationship between government and First Nations.  Timber access under the five-year Kwantlen agreement is shared between a woodlot licence and a non-replaceable forest licence located within the Fraser Timber Supply Area.

Other:

In March 2006, BC and local Aboriginal leaders signed an Aboriginal enhancement agreement with the Fraser-Cascade school district. The agreement was developed by local Aboriginal communities, the school district and the Province. Parents of Aboriginal students helped develop the agreement by contributing their ideas on how to improve kindergarten readiness, raise the literacy rate at all grade levels, improve provincial exam marks and increase completion rates at the secondary level.  The Fraser-Cascade school district includes the traditional territories of Chawathil First Nation, Cheam First Nation, Scowlitz Band, Seabird Island Band and Shxw’owhamel First Nation.  The agreement honours and supports the histories, culture and languages of local Aboriginal students.

Also in March 2006, the Washington State Senate and House of Representatives tabled a resolution expressing regret to the Sto:lo First Nations for the historic injustices surrounding the events of the 1884 lynching death of Louie Sam.  A cross-border lynch mob accused the 14-year old Sto:lo youngster of the murder of a shopkeeper, abducted him from authorities, and killed him. Subsequent investigations determined that he was not responsible for the murder.